Why was the Peloponnesian War deadlocked for an extended period of time? Athens could not defeat Sparta on land, and Sparta could not defeat Athens at sea. Cleisthenes is important in the history of Athenian government because he: … Sparta was ruled by a citizen assembly, a council of elders, and two kings.
Why didn’t Sparta benefit more from its victory in the Peloponnesian War? Sparta alienated the other Greek cities by trying to dominate them. … The independent temper of Greek political life made unity impossible. Social and political crises occurred in many Greek city-states during the fourth century B.C.E.
How did Athens hope to defeat Sparta during the Peloponnesian War? Athens wanted to use its superior navy to attack Sparta and its allies by sea.
What form of government did Sparta impose on the defeated Athenians and their allies? Oligarchy. The Sophist claim that “man is the measure of all things” means that: Goodness, truth, and justice are not absolutes, but vary according to the needs and interests of human beings.
Which sentence best describes the structure of the Spartan government c. 600 B.C.E.? Sparta was ruled by a citizen assembly, a council of elders, and two kings.
Sparta. As a result of the Peloponnesian War, Sparta, which had primarily been a continental culture, became a naval power. At its peak, Sparta overpowered many key Greek states, including the elite Athenian navy.
How did the Peloponnesian War contribute to the expansion of Macedonia? The Greeks were weak from fighting the Peloponnesian War so Phillip of Macedonia was able to easily conquer them. … Alexander hoped that Greek ideas, customs, and traditions would blend with the diverse cultures of the people he had conquered.
War reignited decisively around 415 B.C. when Athens received a call to help allies in Sicily against invaders from Syracuse, where an Athenian official defected to Sparta, convincing them that Athens was planning to conquer Italy. Sparta sided with Syracuse and defeated the Athenians in a major sea battle.
Finally, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami , Lysander captured the Athenian fleet in the Hellespont. Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.
What was the result of the Peloponnesian War? cities and crops were destroyed, thousands of Greeks died, the city-states’ military and economic power were weakened for 50 years.
The reason for all of this militaristic mania was simple: Sparta was a slave society. Approximately 90% of the population of the area under Sparta’s control were helots, serfs descended from the population conquered by Sparta in the eighth century.
The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.).Mar 15, 2019
The social center and organizational hub of the Greek polis was: the agora. By the sixth century B.C.E., Greeks founded numerous colonies around the Mediterranean basin, the most significant of which were located where? Anatolia and Italy.
The most important cultural center in the Hellenistic world was: Alexandria. To highlight their authority and status in the former Persian Empire, Seleucid rulers: used terms in proclamations reminiscent of earlier Mesopotamian rulers.
What were the long term effects of the Peloponnesian War on Greece? The long-term effect of the war between Athenian forces and Spartan forces, however, was to weaken the entire Greek world, making it easier for one Philip II of Macedon, and later his son Alexander, to establish Macedonian rule.
The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. … This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.
What impact did the outcome of the Peloponnesian War have on Greece? The Greek empire doubled in size. The Greek empire split, granting Sparta independence. The Greek Golden Age started to come to an end.
|431||Peloponnesian War begins. Siege of Potidaea. Plague in Athens.|
|429||Pericles dies. Siege of Plataea (-427)|
|428||Revolt of Mitylene.|
|427||Athenian Expedition to Sicily. [See map of Sicily and Sardinia.]|
|421||Peace of Nicias.|
What happened that weakened Athens during the First Peloponnesian War? … the war left Greece exhausted and vulnerable to attack. Persia was able to take advantage of Greek divisions to complete its conquest. Sparta’s victory propelled it to lasting domination of Greece.
The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from 431 until 404 BC.
In 430 BC, an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. Roughly one-third to two-thirds of the Athenian population died.
After the Peloponnesian War, the Spartans set up an oligarchy in Athens, which was called the Thirty. It was short-lived, and democracy was restored. … An even closer association with Sparta seemed the best way to remain in power, and Critias, whose loyalty to Sparta was not in doubt, became more influential.
What was each side’s strategy for victory? Why did Sparta win the war? Sparta and its allies felt that Athens was too ambitious and was threatening to take over the Peloponnesian League. The Corinthians, who were Spartan allies, convinced Sparta that Athens would not stop until they took over all of Greece.
What caused the Peloponnesian War? Greece was not big enough for the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League to be in control. Each league was fighting for allegiance with the city-states.
It was a group of Sparta and its allies who opposed Athens and its allies. Sparta was the leader. Why did the Greek city-states lose power after the Peloponnesian War? Because their economy was destroyed, their crops trampled and lost, citites were ruined, and the population was destroyed by plague and fighting.
How did the Peloponnesian Wars affect the Greek city-states? The Peloponnesian wars affected them when it led to the decline of Athenian power and continued rivalry. A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
:ehporate, gerousia, ekklesia
Held office for the (rest of) their life. Elected by the people. Acted as advising body, and court of criminal justice; had “heavy influence on political affairs.” Cooperated closely with the Ephors e.g. as co-judges.
The gerousia prepared business to be submitted to the apella and had extensive judicial powers, being the only Spartan court that could pronounce sentence of death or exile.
560 BC) was an Athenian statesman, lawmaker and poet. He is remembered particularly for his efforts to legislate against political, economic and moral decline in archaic Athens. His reforms failed in the short term, yet he is often credited with having laid the foundations for Athenian democracy.
Originally Answered: Why were the Spartan soldiers willing to sacrifice themselves at Thermopylae? Because it served a vital military purpose: enabling the rest of the Greek army to escape the trap and redeploy further south.
Which statement best describes Athens’s military? Athens had a large and capable navy.
the delian league, which pledged to continue the war with persia, was led by which greek polis?
in preparation for war with persia, athens financed the
after hoplites were introduced in greece
the greek historian herodotus believed:
panhellenic festivals in ancient greece included
spartan soldiers were forbidden to engage in trade
how did the spartans counter athenian naval superiority during the peloponnesian war
during the persian invasion of greece in 480 b.c.e., themistocles persuaded his fellow athenians to: