Franz Schubert was a 19th-century Austrian music composer and key figure in bridging the Classical and Romantic periods. He is noted for the melody and harmony in his songs and chamber music. He also produced several symphonies, masses, and piano works.Nov 15, 2021
Franz Peter Schubert
His output consists of over six hundred secular vocal works (mainly Lieder), seven complete symphonies, sacred music, operas, incidental music and a large body of chamber and piano music.
During a career lasting less than 20 years, Franz Schubert (1797-1828) produced a torrent of work, including operas and symphonies; 600 songs; overtures and masses; string quartets, quintets and an octet; 20 piano sonatas; and some 50 choral works. Here are 20 essential facts about the great man.
Most of the studies of his religious music focus upon the six Masses, especially the first four masses written between 1814 and 1816. Few scholars even mention Schubert’s religious songs, and those who do describe only a few of them, concentrating upon the entire body of Schubert’s songs.
In the meantime he had composed three operas that remain his best known and best loved: Rigoletto (1851), Il trovatore (1853; The Troubadour), and La traviata (1853).
The poet-guitarist Theodor Körner was said to have given Schubert lessons. His one-time roommate, the poet Johann Mayrhofer, and the singer Johann Michael Vogl, for whom Schubert wrote many songs, both played guitar.
Definition of art song
: a usually through-composed song for solo voice and accompaniment — compare folk song.
Prolific teenage composer: Schubert began composing prolifically at the age of 17. Notable works from his teenage years include his Mass No. 1 (D. 105), nine liturgical works, well over 100 Deutsche lieder (German songs), and a symphony.
Like Beethoven, Schubert is a transitional figure. Some of his music—particularly his earlier instrumental compositions—tends toward a more classical approach. However, the melodic and harmonic innovation in his art songs and later instrumental works sit more firmly in the Romantic tradition.
Definition of absolute music
: instrumental music independent of the objective suggestion of title, text, or program and dependent on structure alone for its subjective comprehension.
Lieder in a nutshell
Great 18th-century composers like Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven had written songs, but it was the young Franz Schubert in Vienna who became the Shakespeare of Lieder, composing over 600 songs in his short lifetime and more than 200 in 1815 alone, at the age of 18.
Franz Schubert/Age at death
January 31, 1797 – d. November 19, 1828), is considered to be the last grandmaster of the Viennese Classical school of music, as well as one of the earliest proponents of Romanticism. Although Schubert died at the age of 31, he is counted among the most gifted composers of the 19th century.
Like Beethoven, Schubert was never married. His elder brother, Ferdinand, a schoolmaster-musician like the rest of the family, and a minor composer, was one of his most devoted supporters, and deserves recognition as such.
While Verdi’s main focus was the lyric theatre, he did occasionally write in other genres, including the ever-popular Requiem (1874) and the Four Sacred Pieces (1887–96) for soloists, chorus and orchestra.
No. At the time these composers wrote strictly for the harpsichord and piano. You can duplicate the physical notes on the guitar but to answer your question, No they did not.
The guitar is not the first instrument one associates with the towering figure of Beethoven, but he did know and appreciate the instrument, and even wrote some chamber music pieces for it.
to make or form by combining things, parts, or elements: He composed his speech from many research notes. to be or constitute a part or element of: a rich sauce composed of many ingredients. to make up or form the basis of: Style composes the essence of good writing.
The art song, or lied, originated in the 19th century and combined German poetry with the sound of an improved piano, whereby voice and piano became equal partners in telling a story. This type of expressive composition attracted many famous composers, including Schubert, Schumann, Brahms, and Mahler.
Definition of composer
: one that composes especially : a person who writes music. Synonyms Example Sentences Learn More About composer.
|Johann Sebastian Bach|
|Born||21 March 1685 (O.S.) 31 March 1685 (N.S.) Eisenach|
|Died||28 July 1750 (aged 65) Leipzig|
|Works||List of compositions|
he was a teacher at his father’s school, he composed a lot of music. at twenty-one what did franz Schubert do? he gave up teaching to devote himself entirely to music.
There are a total of 16, eight in full score and eight more either lost or in fragmentary forth, and taken together they consume more space in the complete edition of the composer’s works than any other vocal or instrumental form – Melancholy proof of Schubert’s industrious labors to achieve popular success in an idiom …
In early 1821, around the time Erlkönig was starting to get noticed, Schubert’s circle of friends began to have their first official Schubertiads, a clever name they came up with to describe evenings devoted to Schubert’s music. Schober was one of the primary participants and they often took place at his home.
Absolute music is all about the aesthetics and is independent of any other designs. Many Romantic composers were strong proponents of absolute music. We will learn about four of them in this lesson: Clara Schumann, Felix Mendelssohn, Johannes Brahms, and Antonín Dvorák.
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