As well as “Ireland”, “Éire” or “the Republic of Ireland”, the state is also referred to as “the Republic”, “Southern Ireland” or “the South”. In an Irish republican context it is often referred to as “the Free State” or “the 26 Counties”.
|• Irish Free State Constitution||6 December 1922|
|Preceded by Succeeded by United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Irish Free State|
|Today part of||Republic of Ireland|
Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth. Geopolitically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.
Following the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the territory of Southern Ireland left the UK and became the Irish Free State, now the Republic of Ireland. The territory that became Northern Ireland, within the Irish province of Ulster, had a Protestant and Unionist majority who wanted to maintain ties to Britain.
According to the Constitution of Ireland, the names of the Irish state are ‘Ireland’ (in English) and ‘Éire’ (in Irish). From 1922 to 1937, its legal name was ‘the Irish Free State’. … The term “Southern Ireland”, although only having legal basis from 1920 to 1922, is still seen occasionally, particularly in Britain.
Ireland has been a member state of the European Union since 1973.
Northern Ireland is a distinct legal jurisdiction, separate from the two other jurisdictions in the United Kingdom (England and Wales, and Scotland). Northern Ireland law developed from Irish law that existed before the partition of Ireland in 1921.
Is Dublin in Northern Ireland? No. Dublin is the capital of the Republic of Ireland.
Dublin is the capital and largest city of Southern Ireland. Situated on a bay on the east coast, at the mouth of the River Liffey, it lies within the province of Leinster. It is bordered on the south by the Dublin Mountains, a part of the Wicklow Mountains range.
The Irish Republican Army (IRA; Irish: Óglaigh na hÉireann), also known as the Provisional Irish Republican Army, and informally as the Provos, was an Irish republican paramilitary organisation that sought to end British rule in Northern Ireland, facilitate Irish reunification and bring about an independent, socialist …
The term ‘Ireland’ applies to whole island. English people may have seized on the term ‘Eire’ because it gave them an excuse not say ‘Ireland’. They wanted to avoid describing the Southern Ireland team as ‘Ireland’ so ‘Eire’ demarcates the fact that it is the 26 county team they are talking about.
Vikings in Ireland. France and Ireland as well. In these areas they became known as the “Norsemen” (literally, north-men) and laterally as the “Vikings”. They called themselves “Ostmen”.
To the Editor: The five million Catholics of England, Scotland and Wales may have had Irish ancestors, but today they see themselves as Britons, just as those whose ancestors emigrated to the United States see themselves as Americans. …
Christianity is the main religion in Northern Ireland. The 2011 UK census showed 40.8% Catholic, 19.1% Presbyterian Church, with the Church of Ireland having 13.7% and the Methodist Church 5.0%.
Visas and residency
UK nationals do not need a visa or residency permit to live, work or study in Ireland. Within the Common Travel Area ( CTA ), British and Irish citizens can live and work freely in each other’s countries and travel freely between them.
Citizenship for spouses of Irish citizens
If you are married to, or in a civil partnership with, an Irish citizen, you can apply to become an Irish citizen by naturalisation. You can apply if you live in Ireland or Northern Ireland and meet the following conditions: … You have been married for 3 years or more.
As Northern Ireland’s capital city, Belfast is host to the Northern Ireland Assembly at Stormont, the site of the devolved legislature for Northern Ireland. Belfast is divided into four Northern Ireland Assembly and UK parliamentary constituencies: Belfast North, Belfast West, Belfast South and Belfast East.
In 1922, after the Irish War of Independence most of Ireland seceded from the United Kingdom to become the independent Irish Free State but under the Anglo-Irish Treaty the six northeastern counties, known as Northern Ireland, remained within the United Kingdom, creating the partition of Ireland.
: Ireland forever.
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