Chloride is a naturally occurring element that is common in most natural waters and is most often found as a component of salt (sodium chloride) or in some cases in combination with potassium or calcium.
High chloride level: Can cause plumbing corrosion problems – the wearing away of pipes, pumps, hot water heaters, and fixtures. High chloride may also mean possible pollution of well water from sewage sources.
Chloride is generally not considered a health risk but at relatively low concentrations this ion in drinking water can affect its taste, however, a high chloride intake can result in high levels of chloride in the bloodstream, i.e., hyperchloremia.
Too much sodium-chloride from salted foods can: Increase your blood pressure. Cause a buildup of fluid in people with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, or kidney disease.
To summarise, sodium chloride decreases the solubility of CO2, and reduces the activity of the hydrogen ions; but it also increases the dissociation of carbonic acid. The net effect is a small reduction in pH (by about 0.01).
Chloride ions come into solution in water in underground aquifers, geological formations that contain groundwater. In coastal areas, chloride from saltwater aquifers, sea spray, and coastal flooding can also find its way into freshwater waters.
Chlorine levels up to 4 milligrams per liter (mg/L or 4 parts per million (ppm)) are considered safe in drinking water .
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Chloride is an electrolyte that helps balance the amount of fluid inside and outside of cells. It also helps maintain blood volume, blood pressure, and the pH of body fluids.
Disinfection of water is the most essential single step which can prevent epidemics of water borne diseases. In the present research work use of Sodium Chloride (NaCl) and Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl) is made for the disinfection of water.
Chloride is one of the most important electrolytes in the blood. It helps keep the amount of fluid inside and outside of your cells in balance. It also helps maintain proper blood volume, blood pressure, and pH of your body fluids.
A normal adult human body contains approximately 81.7 g chloride. On the basis of a total obligatory loss of chloride of approximately 530 mg/day, a dietary intake for adults of 9 mg of chloride per kg of body weight has been recommended (equivalent to slightly more than 1 g of table salt per person per day).
Reverse Osmosis will remove 90 – 95% of the chlorides because of its salt rejection capabilities. Electrodialysis and distillation are two more processes that can be used to reduce the chloride content of water.
Rivers and lakes generally range between 5 (acidic) and 9 (basic) on the pH scale, whereas ocean water averages closer to 8.2 (slightly basic).
Sodium chloride, which is obtained by neutralization of hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide, is a neutral salt. Neutralization of any strong acid with a strong base always gives a neutral salt.
The pH will remain neutral at 7. Halides and alkaline metals dissociate and do not affect the H+ as the cation does not alter the H+ and the anion does not attract the H+ from water. This is why NaCl is a neutral salt.
Chloride does not harm fish and is safe for the environment.
Dangers of Chlorine Poisoning
Chlorine kills living cells, most often damaging fish’s sensitive gills as well as the skin that covers their entire bodies. Fish placed in chlorinated water will begin to suffer from respiratory problems and may suffocate, unable to breathe properly.
What is potassium chloride and sodium chloride? Potassium is a mineral that is found in many foods and is needed for several functions of your body, especially the beating of your heart. Sodium chloride is the chemical name for salt. Sodium is an electrolyte that regulates the amount of water in your body.
Chloride levels above 106 could point to kidney problems, such as renal tubular acidosis (when your kidneys aren’t removing enough acids from your blood and into your urine). Low levels have several other possible causes, including common, temporary problems such as vomiting and dehydration.
High chloride levels (>106-110 mEq/L) are known as hyperchloremia. Long-term or severe hyperchloremia can have the following symptoms from dehydration and metabolic acidosis (low blood pH) [1, 2]: Diarrhea.
A typical normal range is 96 to 106 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L) or 96 to 106 millimoles per liter (millimol/L). Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Talk to your provider about the meaning of your specific test results.
To dose water in a tank with 5 mg/L chlorine use: 40 millilitres of liquid pool chlorine or 170 millilitres of bleach, for every 1000 litres in the tank.
A single tablet of potassium metabisulfite can get rid of chlorine in 20 gallons of water, which means that the process is relatively inexpensive. The process also works quickly and should be able to get rid of chlorine in a matter of minutes.
But excessive exposure to chlorine can cause sickness and injuries, including rashes, coughing, nose or throat pain, eye irritation and bouts of asthma, health experts warn. Instructions for safely chlorinating a pool usually call for a maximum of four parts per million when people are in the pool.
Purified water is usually a good option since the purification process removes chemicals and impurities from the water. You should not drink distilled water since it lacks naturally-occurring minerals, including calcium and magnesium, that are beneficial for health.
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