“Lockout/tag out” refers to specific practices and procedures to safe- guard workers from the unexpected energization or startup of machinery and equipment, or the release of hazardous energy during service or maintenance activities.
What is meant by tagout?
To tagout means to place a tag on a switch or other shut off device which warns others not to start the piece of equipment. Tagout should only be used with lockout, unless locking out the equipment is impossible. Equipment should be locked out while being repaired.
What are the 6 steps of lock out/tag out?
Let’s look at each of these steps of LOTO safety more closely in the sections below.
Lockout/Tagout Step 1: Preparation. …
Lockout/Tagout Step 2: Shut Down. …
Lockout/Tagout Step 3: Isolation. …
Lockout/Tagout Step 4: Lockout/Tagout. …
Lockout/Tagout Step 5: Stored Energy Check. …
Lockout/Tagout Step 6: Isolation Verification.
Do lockout locks have to be red?
At a minimum, a lock’s shape, or size, or color must provide employees with the capability to identify and distinguish a lockout device from other similar devices (e.g., security locks) in the workplace. … Moreover, the lockout devices cannot be used for purposes other than the control of hazardous energy.
How do you release stored energy?
A coiled or compressed spring will release stored energy in the form of fast movement when the spring expands. pressurized by an outside source. When under pressure, the fluid can be used to move heavy objects, machinery, or equipment. Examples: grain truck beds, power presses, vehicle braking systems.
What is the difference between tagout and lockout?
In practice, lockout is the isolation of energy from the system (a machine, equipment, or process) which physically locks the system in a safe mode. … Tag out is a labelling process that is always used when lockout is required.
Who can remove lockout tagout?
When the authorized employee who applied the lockout or tagout device is not available to remove it, that device may be removed under the direction of the employer, provided that specific procedures and training for such removal have been developed, documented and incorporated into the employer’s energy control program …
How do you use lockout tagout?
The eight basic steps to a LOTO procedure are as follows:
LOTO is a very serious safety practice that helps to provide protection to employees. Equipment and machinery identified for LOTO are capable of unexpected start-ups which may result in the harmful release of hazardous energy. … This is why the lock and tag are so crucial to employee and visitor safety.
What must you do before attaching your personal lock and tag?
Placement of Danger Tags and Locks
the personal danger tag must be filled out with your name, work unit, date, time, reason for isolating and your signature.
each person working on the equipment must place their own personal danger tag and if possible a lock to the isolating control.
What are the 7 steps of LOTO?
Think, plan, and check. If you are in charge, think through the entire procedure. …
Neutralize all appropriate power at the source. …
Lock out all power sources. …
Tag out all power sources and machines. …
Do a complete test. …
What is the OSHA standard for lockout tagout?
The OSHA standard for The Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout), Title 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 1910.147, addresses the practices and procedures necessary to disable machinery or equipment, thereby preventing the release of hazardous energy while employees perform servicing and maintenance …
Can any lock be used for lock out/tag out?
Per OSHA, multiple-keyed or keyed-alike locks may not be used for the purpose of lockout/tagout. Any locks used must have only a single key, which must be under the exclusive control of the employee that applies the lock and is performing the service.
What do you do if an employee is not available to remove the lock?
When the authorized employee who applied the lockout or tagout device is not available to remove it, that device may be removed under the direction of the employer, provided that specific procedures and training for such removal have been developed, documented, and incorporated into the employer’s energy control …
What are the 4 types of stored energy?
4 types of stored energies are:
What is the source of stored energy for your body?
Carbohydrates, such as sugar and starch, are readily broken down into glucose, the body’s principal energy source. Glucose can be used immediately as fuel, or can be sent to the liver and muscles and stored as glycogen.
Can you list three objects around you that have stored energy?
Mechanical Potential Energy
A raised weight.
Water that is behind a dam.
A car that is parked at the top of a hill.
A yoyo before it is released.
River water at the top of a waterfall.
A book on a table before it falls.
A child at the top of a slide.
Ripe fruit before it falls.
Are tags safer than locks?
However, is one method safer and more effective than the other? The answer is yes. OSHA agrees that lockout provides better levels of safety than just simply using tagout or the use of tags. There are very distinct differences when it comes to using locks (lockout) and tags (tagout), let’s review them below.
Do you have to notify employees that a lockout/tagout is about to begin?
Notification of employees. Affected employees shall be notified by the employer or authorized employee of the application and removal of lockout devices or tagout devices. Notification shall be given before the controls are applied, and after they are removed from the machine or equipment.
Who keeps the key for lock out/tag out?
As such, keys and padlocks must be under the exclusive control of the authorized employee to ensure that the safety provided by padlocks when affixed to energy isolating devices is maintained when the authorized employee is performing servicing and maintenance on machines and equipment covered by the 1910.147 standard.
What is considered an energy isolating device?
Energy Isolating Device: A mechanical device that physically prevents the transmission or release of energy. This includes: Valves, Breakers, Switches; Blank Flanges for piping systems; Restraining Devices to prevent movement of parts; etc.
Can you cut a Loto lock?
In the event the key to a lock is lost or misplaced, the lock may be cut by the LOTO Authorized Person after obtaining verbal permission from the Person In Charge of the LOTO.
When should I use LOTO?
The use of lockout/tagout procedures is considered a critical aspect of workplace safety in any occupational setting in which workers come into direct contact with machinery or workplace equipment. Accidents which can be prevented by LOTO procedures include: Electrical accidents. Crushing.
How many types of LOTO are there?
The four main types are gate valves, ball valves, plug valves and butterfly valves.
Why is lockout/tagout important?
It was created to prevent the unexpected start-up or energizing of equipment during service and maintenance operations which could cause employee injuries and prevent the release of stored energy which could cause employee injury.
Lockout/tagout procedures protect workers from unexpected releases of energy such as electrical, hydraulic, pneumatic or mechanical. These procedures help workers safely isolate energy sources before starting work.
What is the control of hazardous energy?
Hazardous energy control is a broad term describing the use of procedures, techniques, designs and methods to protect personnel from injury due to the inadvertent release of hazardous energy. Lockout is the placement of a lock and tag on an energy-isolating device in accordance with an established procedure.
What are the advantages of a good lockout procedure when performing routine maintenance?
There are a few obvious advantages:
Eliminate redundancy from having to enter similar data into both systems.
Reduce training requirements (one system instead of two)
What is the purpose of red danger tags?
Red = Danger.
OSHA recommends danger signs or tags be red or predominantly red, with lettering or symbols in a contrasting color (usually white against the red background). Red warns employees of a hazard that could cause serious injury or death.
What is a blue lock used for?
Blue Locks shall only be applied by competent Group Isolators and used in a Lock Box type Isolation. Isolation Confirmation Permit (D16/442) This form is used by a Group Isolator to record the details of the isolations and is used to verify that isolations have been performed correctly by another Group Isolator.
What Colour is an out of service tag?
An Out of Service Tag is highlighted in black and yellow on a white background. Anyone can place an Out of Service tag on equipment if they consider there is a risk of causing damage to materials, plant or personnel if operated.
What are the five steps to remove lock out/tag out?
5 Simple Steps to release / removal of Lockout and Tagout:
Remove Tools and Replace Guards: …
Check for Employees: …
Notify the Affected Employees: …
Remove Lockout Tagout Devices: …
What is Lockout Tagout?
Lockout Tagout | An introduction to the control of hazardous energy.
Lockout Tagout Training Video [Employee OSHA Training on LOTO]
what is lockout tagout
Importance of Lock Out Tag Out
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