The resolution that was placed before the Delhi Convention of Muslim Legislators in 1946 included the principle that the zones comprising Bengal and Assam in the Northeast and the Punjab, North West Frontier Province, Sind and Baluchistan in the Northwest of India, namely Pakistan zones, where the Muslims are in a …
Additionally, it stated: That adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards shall be specifically provided in the constitution for minorities in the units and in the regions for the protection of their religious, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights of the minorities.
The Lahore Resolution was a formal statement, which sought the creation of a separate Muslim state. The political statement, written by Zafarullah Khan and other prominent members of the ‘All-India Muslim League,’ proposed the creation of an ‘independent state’ based on predominantly Muslim population.
Lahore resolution was passed on 23rd march 1940 at Minto park Lahore in annual session of Muslim league demanding separate home land for Indian Muslim composed of north-western and north-eastern Muslim majority provinces of India. Later known as Pakistan resolution.
The resolution for the establishment of a separate homeland for the Muslims of British India passed in the annual session of the All India Muslim League held in Lahore on 22-24 March 1940 is a landmark document of Pakistan’s history.
They include equality of status, of opportunity and before law, social, economic and political justice, and freedom of thought, expression, belief, faith, worship and association, subject to (the) law and public morality.
The Resolution consisted of five paragraphs and each paragraph was only one sentence long. Although clumsily worded, it delivered a clear message.
The Lahore Resolution, also known as the Pakistan Resolution (Urdu: قرارداد پاکستان, Qarardad-e-Pakistan), was a formal political resolution or statement, which resulted in the creation of ‘independent states’ for Muslims of the sub continent.
Jinnah says India should be cut up into two, Pakistan and Hindustan, the Muslim nation to occupy Pakistan and the Hindu nation to occupy Hindustan.
Indian Councils Act 1909 – Wikipedia.
The Fourteen Points of Jinnah were proposed by Muhammad Ali Jinnah as a constitutional reform plan to safeguard the political rights of Muslims in a self-governing India. … Separate electorates were refused and the reservation of seats for the Muslims of Bengal and Punjab was rejected.
The August Offer was an offer made by Viceroy Linlithgow in 1940 promising the expansion of the Executive Council of the Viceroy of India to include more Indians, the establishment of an advisory war council, giving full weight to minority opinion, and the recognition of Indians’ right to frame their own constitution ( …
3 June Plan
Principle of the partition of British India was accepted by the British Government. Successor governments would be given dominion status. … Princely States were given the right to join either Pakistan or India, based on two major factors: Geographical contiguity and the people’s wishes.
When on 3rd June 1947, the British announced its plan to partition India, the local political parties, the Congress, and the league welcomed it. This paved way for Indian independence and the establishment of two separate independent states in the Indian subcontinent.
The Cripps Mission was a failed attempt in late March 1942 by the British government to secure full Indian cooperation and support for their efforts in World War II. … Jinnah and the Muslims, to whom Cripps had offered the right to opt out of a future Union, supported the war effort and gained in status in British eyes.
C. Rajagopalachari’s formula (or C. R. formula or Rajaji formula) was a proposal formulated by Chakravarti Rajagopalachari to solve the political deadlock between the All India Muslim League and the Indian National Congress on the independence of British India.
Pakistan is bounded by Iran to the west, Afghanistan to the northwest and north, China to the northeast, and India to the east and southeast. The coast of the Arabian Sea forms its southern border.
Objective resolution was passed by Jawaharlal Nehru in 1946 it laid down the basic principles and the ideas on which the Indian constitution has to be made by the assembly. it was the objective resolution that give institutional expression to the fundamental commitments that is equality sovereignty and liberty.
The Objective Resolution provides the philosophy of the constitution. The Resolution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22 January 1947. The Resolution proclaimed India as a sovereign Republic which is now independent of any external ruler.
: Jawaharlal Nehru proposed the resolution on 13 December, 1946.
It outlined and defined the ideals and objectives of the constitution which are as follows: (i) India was declared as Independent Sovereign Republic. (ii) It assured justice, equality, liberty and fraternity to all its citizens. (iii) It provided adequate safeguards to minorities.
The resolution was unanimously adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22nd of January, 1947.
Objective Resolution enshrined the aspirations and values of the constitution-makers. Under this, the people of India were guaranteed social, economic and political justice, equality and fundamental freedoms. This resolution was unanimously adopted on 22 January 1947 and the Preamble to the Constitution is based on it.
Ans: Kashmir did not join Pakistan because its Hindu Ruler treacherously made over this Muslim state to India against the wishes of its inhabitants.
TWO NATION THEORY AND SIR SYED AHMED KHAN:
The possibly main reason for which Sir Syed introduced this theory is the downfall of Muslims, Muslims Hindus controversy, language problem, and the hatred by Hindus and British upon Muslims of South Asia.
The origin of the Two-Nation Theory is traced to the post-1857 Indian Revolt times. It were both the Hindus and Muslims who rebelled together against the British with an aim to drive them out of India. … They left no stone unturned to crush Muslims socially, economically, and politically.
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