While some bakers add extra water to keep their dough soft, a couple teaspoons of lemon juice is the magic ingredient for making your dough even softer and more pliable. Mix seven cups of flour with the yeast and gluten flour. Stir with a wooden spoon until well blended.
Soft bread is soft because CO2 produced by yeast and water that gets turned to steam by the baking process gets trapped into pockets by a mesh of gluten, causing the dough to expand. The dough then solidifies, keeping its shape.
This means that you likely have to knead your dough for longer and it won’t turn out as elastic or smooth as a standard dough. If you’re struggling to get your dough smooth, try out a different flour or a higher quality bread flour. Doing this can help you to develop more gluten and therefore get a smoother dough.
Fat – whether from butter, eggs, or milk – tenderizes dough by coating and shortening the gluten strands. This creates a softer crust and more tender crumb than a lower fat alternative. Fat also slows down yeast activity, requiring a longer fermentation time that helps to develop lots more flavor.
Vinegar is a mild acid that helps break down the starches and proteins in your bread. It changes the pH levels of the batter. Adding it to your bread dough can help with good rise, moist crumb, airy texture, and it also enhances the flavour.
The most common reason for bread dough that is too sticky is too much water in the dough. … Cold water can cause the glutens to leak out, and this will make your dough sticky. Make sure that you are using warm water when you mix your ingredients to make your bread dough.
The overworked dough will often feel tight and tough. This means that liquid molecules have been damaged and won’t stretch properly, causing the bread to break and tear more easily. Conversely, a dough that is underworked will be harder to form into a ball shape.
In general, though, while kneading your bread less can make it softer, kneading it at all is intended to make it stronger and chewier. And that’s usually what you want since they’ll use softening ingredients if they really want a softer result.
To get your dough back to its silky self, simple let it rest. Time allows gluten to slowly relax from a super-stretched strand to a relaxed stringy substance. 15 minutes is usually enough for this relaxation process to occur, which will make your dough much more pliable.
Folding helps add strength to bread dough through a very simple series of actions: stretch the dough out and over itself. This act of stretching and folding, which takes just a few moments, helps develop the gluten network in the dough. Each fold has a significant impact on dough strength.
Whole wheat flour and mostly whole grain ones absorb more liquid than other flours such as white flour. In whole wheat flour, the whole grain is used, the grain is rich in fiber that loves to trap water and therefore the flour will be able to retain more moisture.
The acidic properties of vinegar inhibit gluten, some will say. This theory proposes that once the water and flour are combined, gluten starts forming, causing the dough to grow tough. Adding an acid, the theory goes, stops the gluten in its tracks and rescues the crust from toughness.
Eggs. Eggs added to dough help with rising. A bread dough rich with egg will rise very high, because eggs are a leavening agent (think genoise or angel food cake). As well, the fats from the yolk help to tenderize the crumb and lighten the texture a bit.
Have you ever gone to Japan and wondered what makes Japanese bread so soft, milky and pillowy? Their secret is “tangzhong,” which in Chinese means “water roux.” … Beause this mixture contains a substantial amount of water, when added to the dough for bread, it makes the bread extra moist.
If it’s still soft 1–2 days after opening, it’s highly processed and full of chemicals. Chemicals aren’t inherently bad – everything is made of chemicals – but you won’t find a lot of added ingredients and preservatives in any decent bread.
The most common reason for chewy bread is the type of flour. Using flour that is hard wheat, or that’s high in gluten can make bread chewy. Another possibility is a lack of kneading and proofing. These errors lead to a lack of gas in the dough, making bread dense and chewy.
2. Kneading the Dough. … Dough will feel “tight” and tough, as the gluten molecules have become damaged, meaning that it won’t stretch, only break, when you try to pull or roll it. Underworked dough on the other hand, won’t form a ball shape easily.
There is always some point at which you can put in too much water where no matter how strong you make the dough the loaf will not hold its shape and will flatten out during baking. … I also find that if you pass the point of this optimal hydration you will actually end up with a worse crumb and a flatter loaf.
For a normal loaf, the more you knead it the less sticky it becomes. Dough is always wet and sticky at first but, once you’ve kneaded it for five to six minutes, it becomes less sticky and more glossy as it develops a skin, which is the gluten forming.
On a practical level, it takes up to 25 minutes—and some well-developed forearm muscles—to knead dough fully by hand, and just about 8 minutes in the stand mixer with the dough hook. However, if you do not own a stand mixer, you can still make a good loaf of bread from most doughs.
Salt acts as a yeast inhibitor, which means that it slows down the growth and reproduction of yeast in your bread dough. … What’s more, the longer the yeast has to do its work (i.e., the slower the pace of fermentation), the more flavor notes are created in the bread, resulting in better overall taste in your final loaf.
After the first rise you should knead your dough very briefly, and gently, to avoid tearing. This allows the large bubbles to be deflated and dispersed, ready for another rise. Being gentle prevents tearing the gluten network which is delicate after resting, and crucial for a good bread.
The reason bread dough spreads out rather than rise up is likely because of weak gluten structure. A better gluten structure means a better upward rise. … A weak gluten structure can be boiled down to a couple of things, mainly a snail-like bulk rise or underdeveloped surface tension during kneading.
dough strength means how developed is the gluten structure. A more developed gluten structure means the dough will hold itself together better and if you were to stretch it, it wouldn’t readily rip or tear (i.e. strong).
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