Latitude and Temperature
At higher latitudes, the Sun’s rays are less direct. The farther an area is from the equator, the lower its temperature. At the poles, the Sun’s rays are least direct. Much of the area is covered with ice and snow, which reflect a lot of sunlight.
… Human societies strongly depend on the geographical position in which they settle and grow. The distance from the Equator (latitude) especially affects their living conditions in essential aspects, such as climate, vegetation and people density (Kummu and Varis, 2011) .
As latitude increases, the temperature falls, and vice versa. Generally, around the world, it gets warmer towards the equator and cooler towards the poles. However, other factors could influence the temperature in different locations such as altitude, precipitation, and ocean currents.
Many factors influence the climate of a region. The most important factor is latitude because different latitudes receive different amounts of solar radiation. Sunlight filters through a thick wedge of atmosphere, making the sunlight much less intense. …
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. In areas closer to the poles, sunlight has a larger area of atmosphere to pass through and the sun is at a lower angle in the sky.
As latitude increases, the intensity of the solar energy that strikes an area decreases, and climates become cooler. … The higher the elevation, the colder the air and therefore, the colder the climate. You just studied 8 terms!
Evidence was also found for curved relationships between latitude and both male and female stature, as well as stature dimorphism, all indicating a maximum at around 40 degrees from the equator. Conclusions: The results of the present study indicate that both male and female stature are weakly associated with latitude.
The main factors determining population distribution are : climate, landforms, topography, soil, energy and mineral resources, accessibility like distance from sea coast, natural harbours, navigable rivers or canals, cultural factors, political boundaries, controls on migration and trade, government policies, types of …
Together with the longitudes, latitudes are used to indicate a precise location of any feature on the earth’s surface. Temperature is inversely related to latitude. As latitude increases, the temperature falls, and vice versa. Generally, around the world, it gets warmer towards the equator and cooler towards the poles.
The most important factor is latitude because different latitudes receive different amounts of solar radiation. The maximum annual temperature of the Earth, showing a roughly gradual temperature gradient from the low to the high latitudes. … The polar regions receive the least solar radiation.
Latitude is a fundamental control on every climate. It affects temperature by influencing the seasonal range in solar intensity. It influences precipitation in as much as evaporation is temperature dependent.
Latitudes help in identifying and locating major heat zones of the earth. Latitude measures the distance between the north to south from the equator. Latitude helps in understanding the pattern of wind circulation on the global surface. Longitude measures the distance between the west to earth from the prime meridian.
How does latitude affect rainfall? To simplify, precipitation decreases as latitude increases toward the poles (since how much precipitation air can hold depends largely on its temperature, and depending on the seasons higher latitudes are typically colder).
The latitudes near the equator receives sun heat quickly than latitudes far from the equator. So the latitudes near the equator experience hot temperature and latitudes far from the equator (poles) experience cool temperature.
Generally speaking, biomes at higher latitudes (further away from the equator) are cooler and drier. Closer to the equator, biomes are generally warmer and wetter, as warmer air holds more moisture than colder air.
How does latitude affect temperature? As latitude increases (gets further away from the equator), the average yearly temperature decreases.
Latitude controls the angle of tilt for Earth’s axis. Latitude determines the duration of daylight hours. Latitude causes air temperatures to remain cool at higher elevations. Latitude causes ocean currents to move in a certain direction.
The lower the latitude, the warmer the temperatures. As latitude increases, temperature decreases. … As altitude increases, temperature decreases.
|Rank||Urban Area||Population Estimate (2015)|
|World Population (as of 12/23/2021)||7,913,499,278|
|Population Change Since Jan. 1||78,161,580|
Population. Because the Northern Hemisphere has more land area than the Southern Hemisphere it should also be noted that the majority of Earth’s population and its largest cities are also in its northern half.
Plants from high latitudes tended to have smaller plant size in terms of seed size, cotyledon width, rosette size, number of rosette leaves, size (leaf area) of the largest leaves, total leaf area, and total dry weight per plant than those from low latitudes.
In addition to cloud type determining its height, latitude plays a role in how high a cloud is in the sky. … Because of this, high clouds in the tropics have a higher base and a higher top than high clouds in the mid-latitudes or high clouds in the tropics.
Places located at high latitudes (far from the equator) receive less sunlight than places at low latitudes (close to the equator). The amount of sunlight and the amount of precipitation affects the types of plants and animals that can live in a place.
While there is a gradual increase in the minimum population density (for a given elevation) with increasing elevation, the maximum population density decreases very rapidly with increasing elevation in the lowest 300 m and fluctuates widely at higher elevations.
Rugged and undulating topography restricts the condensation of human population in any area. Abrupt changes in the density of population can be seen on the world map of population distribution where plains meet mountain ranges. … In the mountainous areas valleys provide suitable locations for human settlements.
Physical factors affect population distribution because they limit where humans can establish permanent settlements. Some of those factors include altitude and latitude, land forms, climate, and soil condition. High altitude, in general, restricts large permanent settlement because of the lack of oxygen.
At latitude 0° (the Equator) day length will be approximately 12 hours. Areas on the Equator have a constant 12 hours of day light all year round. As latitude increases to 80° (polar circles – north or south) day length can be seen to increase to 24 hours or decrease to zero (depending on time of year).
Latitude and longitude make up the grid system that helps us identify absolute, or exact, locations on the Earth’s surface. You can use latitude and longitude to identify specific locations. Latitude and longitude are also helpful in identifying landmarks.
Latitudes and longitudes are ‘imaginary lines’ on the globe. The latitudes run east and west whereas longitudes run north and south. Using the latitudes and longitudes, the angular distance of the place can be determined and the ‘location of a place’ in degrees can be obtained.
Latitude affects the temperature of a place. The places situated at higher altitudes which are far from equator receive less sunlight and places which are located towards the equator which is a 00 latitude receives more sunlight and are hotter than the places located at higher latitudes.
What Factors Affect Temperature – Latitude, Altitude, Wind and More – GCSE Geography