To maximize the size of the melons, water the plants at the base in regular, deep-watering sessions that keep the soil moist. Side dress the watermelon plants with fertilizer designed for edible crops or compost tea to feed the plants. The fertilizer encourages growth to get larger melons.
Once a small watermelon reaches the size of a golf ball you can be sure it has been successfully pollinated and it will grow into a full size watermelon in 30-40 days. It takes 6 or 7 weeks after the first flower appears on the watermelon plant until mature watermelons grow and are ready for harvest.
About 2 to 3 melons can be obtained per plant in its single lifespan of 3-4 months. Usually, gardeners purposely keep only one watermelon per plant to harvest big sized fruits.Jan 9, 2017
watermelon: Citrullus lanatus (Violales: Cucurbitaceae): Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States. Fruit(s); Slightly raised, corky rings appearing in clusters on the surface of the fruit. No decay is associated with this unexplained disorder.
Native to central Africa, watermelons were first cultivated by ancient Egyptians. Farmers plant 1,600 to 1,800 watermelon plants per acre. One commercially-grown plant produces one or two melons in the field.
Watermelons need a location that receives 8 to 10 hours of sunlight per day. Work plenty of compost or organic slow-release fertilizer into the top few inches of soil. Mound the soil into small hills spaced 8′ to 10′ apart, less for compact varieties.
The plants can tolerate some partial shade, particularly in hotter climates, but plenty of sun is necessary to develop the sugars in the melons.
The watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a warm-season plant native to Africa. As an annual, it prospers best in regions with long growing seasons and warm temperatures. Winter watermelon culture is only possible in warm, frost-free climates or heated greenhouses in cooler climates.
Cold Temperatures Kill Watermelons
Because watermelons are warm-season crops, they cannot withstand a freeze or even a light frost. An air temperature of 33 degrees Fahrenheit or below kills watermelons.
As a tender annual, watermelon vines will not last through winter conditions and will require re-planting each spring.
|Time to Maturity:||70-100 days||Companion Planting:|
|Spacing:||3-6 feet, in rows 6-18 feet apart||Avoid Planting With:|
|Planting Depth:||1 inch||Order:|
|Spread:||10 feet or more||Genus:|
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